Figure 13. Adult males can be benevolent figures in an infant baboon’s life, as shown here. The adult male on the left is holding an infant who may or may not be his biological offspring; males can be benevolent or violent towards non-offspring and infants must correctly navigate their complicated social landscape in order to survive. Note the considerable difference in coat color between the male on the left and the female on the right: the Amboseli baboon population is composed mostly of yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) but some natural hybridization occurs with nearby populations of olive baboons (P. anubis), which are darker, producing great variation in coat colors in Amboseli. Photo credit: Elizabeth A. Archie.